What is the Prostate Cancer

The prostate is a small gland in the male pelvis, which is part of the reproductive system. The prostate is located below the bladder in front of the rectum. The prostate gland surrounds the urethra, the canal that carries urine from the bladder to the penis.

Prostate produces fluid that helps nourish and protect the sperm. When ejaculation, prostate secrete this fluid to the urethra. Fluid emitted will flow along with the sperm as semen.

There is a prostate cancer that is aggressive and can spread quickly. But in general, prostate cancer grows slowly and does not spread.

According to WHO data, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men second. It is estimated that about 1.1 million men worldwide are diagnosed with prostate cancer and there were 307,000 deaths in 2012.

Cases of prostate cancer, based on data from the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), in 2012 in Indonesia there are about 13,600 cases. With a mortality rate of up to 9,191 cases.

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer may not cause any symptoms in the early stages. Symptoms of prostate cancer will occur when the prostate is too large or swollen and beginning to affect the urethra. Some of the signs and symptoms that arise when this happens is:
More frequent urination, especially at night
Feel pain during urination
Feeling the bladder is always full
Blood in the urine or semen
Reduced pressure while passing urine
Typically, signs and symptoms of prostate cancer will appear when the cancer has spread beyond the prostate. But the symptoms are not always caused by prostate cancer. The above conditions can be caused by a urinary tract infection.
Until now, the causes of prostate cancer is still unknown. But heredity or genetics and age a person can increase the risk of prostate cancer.

Prostate Cancer Diagnosis
There are many tests and tests to determine the diagnosis of prostate cancer. The most common test to detect prostate cancer are: physical examination or a digital rectal examination. This check is performed to examine the size of the prostate gland.

Blood tests. This blood test is known as a PSA test (prostate-specific antigenatau prostate-specific antigen). But the test is not specific only to detect prostate cancer since PSA levels can also rise due to other conditions such as urinary tract infection or inflammation of the prostate.
Biopsy. Samples of prostate tissue is removed for examination in a laboratory.

Prostate Cancer Treatment
The earlier prostate cancer is diagnosed, the greater the chance the patient to recover fully. But if the cancer is still in its very early stages and does not cause any symptoms, the patient can choose to beware of them alone. Treatment of prostate cancer is through surgical removal of the prostate and radiotherapy. However, if the cancer is detected when it has spread to the bone, for example, then the cancer can not be cured. Treatment is done merely to prolong life and relieve symptoms.